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5

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زمان

3:35

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betteratenglish.com

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Vocabulary (in this context)

Words

 

Definition

itchy

adj.

if part of your body is itchy, it feels slightly unpleasant and you want to rub it with your nails

خارش دار

palm

noun

the inside surface of your hand, in which you hold things

کف دست

superstition

noun

A superstition is an unscientific belief about the nature of the world, usually related to ideas about magic or the supernatural. People who believe in superstitions are superstitious (adjective).

خرافات

old wives’ tale

idiom

An old wives’ tale is a piece of advice or information, usually about health, that people used to believe a long time ago but nowadays is known to be false.

 

off the top of my head

idiom

If you say something off the top of your head, it means that you are using the knowledge you have in your memory. People usually say this when they are not sure they are correct.

 

consult

verb

to ask for information or advice from someone because it is their job to know something

مشورت گرفتن

Oracle

noun

An oracle is someone who knows a lot about a subject and can give good advice.

پیشگو

desire

verb

to want something very much

خواستن

greed

noun

a strong desire for more food, money, power, possessions etc than you need

طمع

bribe

noun

to illegally give someone, especially a public official, money or a gift in order to persuade them to do something for you

رشوه

porter

noun

A porter is someone who helps you carry your bags in a hotel.

باربر

tip

noun

A tip (n.) is a small amount of money that you give to someone for performing a service for you. You might tip (v.) a server in a restaurant or a porter in a hotel.

انعام

indicator

noun

a sign that shows you what something is like or how a situation is changing

نشانگر / نشانه

fortune

noun

a very large amount of money

ثروت

hang on

verb

Informal for wait (a short time)

صبر کردن

apparently

adv.

according to what you have heard or read

ظاهراً

do your taxes

expr.

Doing your taxes means calculating your taxes and preparing the forms to submit to the tax agency.

محاسبه مالیات

bill

noun

A bill is a formal request for payment or money owed, often printed on paper.

قبض

acting up

verb

To act up means to behave badly or not work properly. Both people and objects can act up.

بد  (کار / رفتار) کردن

darn

expr.

polite form of “damn”

لعنتی

lottery

noun

a way of raising money for a government, charity, etc. by selling tickets that have different numbers on them that people have chosen. Numbers are then chosen by chance and the people who have those numbers on their tickets win prizes

بخت آزمایی

windfall

expr.

A windfall is an unexpected amount of money that you win or receive.

 

 

 

Grammar

could be known

جمله مجهول با افعال کمکی (could، should و ..)

نحوه  ساخت:

could + be + past participle

مثال:
The car could be driven for 100 kilometers.

The flower should be watered daily.

for having

Gerund (verb + ing)

بعد از حروف اضافه (about, for, in, on, …) فعل بصورت –ing بکار برده میشود.

 

He hopes for getting back safe!
She is interested in finding a better job.

 

 

 

Transcript

In today’s conversation, my English friend Michael and I talk about superstitions. You’ll learn about the idiom “to have an itchy palm” as well as what superstition tells us that it means when you really do have an itchy palm. Are you superstitious?

 

Lori: Oh, I’ve got this itchy palm. It’s totally itching. Doesn’t that mean something when your palm itches?

Michael: It means you have to wash your hands.

 

Lori: No, really! Isn’t it some superstition, something to do with money?

Michael: Like some sort of old wives’ tale or something about…?

Lori: Yeah, that you’re going to get money or something like that?

Michael: Well, off the top of my head I don’t know, but the only thing for it is to see what Google has to say.

Lori: Yeah, consult the Oracle.

Michael: Consult Google.

Lori: The Oracle of Google. What does it mean?

Michael: Give me a second…Itchy palm…Ah, OK! It’s a desire for money, or greed, or wanting a bribe, apparently. Like a hotel porter, you know, “The porter has an itchy palm,” he’s expecting you to give a big tip. Or, you know, someone could be known for having an itchy palm; I guess that means they’re known for being greedy.

Lori: Oh, OK. But isn’t that the idiom? Like if someone says “So-and-so has itchy palms”? What does it mean if your palm actually itches?

Michael: Oh, OK, let me see. Let me move down the list and see what Google has to say.

Lori: I hope it’s getting money…

Michael: Yeah, well actually, yeah, you’re right…it says…apparently having an itchy palm is an indicator of fortune coming your way…

Lori: Yes!

Michael: Or something like that. Umm, OK, Oh, hang on a minute.

Lori: Does it say anything about money? I could really use some…

Michael: Well, yes…Oh, wait a minute! Which, which one of your hands is it, the left or the right hand?

Lori: What, does it make a difference?

Michael: Ah, yes, it makes a big difference actually.

Lori: It’s the left one.

[long pause]

Michael: Ah.

Lori: Oh, that didn’t sound good.

Michael: No, you’re not going to like this. If you have an itchy right palm, apparently that means that you will receive money.

Lori: OK.

Michael: Do you want to hear this?

Lori: Oh no.

Michael: If you have an itchy left palm, it means you have to give money.

Lori: Oh no.

Michael: But wait a minute, isn’t it? It’s the time of year when you have to do your taxes! That’s what it must mean, it’s because you have to pay your taxes.

Lori: Yeah, I was just doing my taxes, just…in fact, I just finished them today.

Michael: OK.

Lori: Maybe that’s what it is.

Michael: Maybe you’ll be OK and you won’t get some big bill in the post just for taxes.

Lori: Well, plus I’m expecting a bill because when I leave for my vacation in a couple of days, I’m going to take my computer in and finally get it fixed so it will stop acting up. And I can imagine that that’s going to cost some money, so maybe that is is. Darn! I thought that I’d be getting some…winning the lottery or getting some unexpected windfall.

Michael: Yeah, well, we don’t believe in any of that stuff anyway.

Lori: No, actually, yeah, that’s true. But man, it really itches! It’s driving me crazy!

Michael: OK, well, you go wash your hands, young lady!

Lori: OK.

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