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آموزش گرامر انگلیسی :: شرطی نوع اول

Type 1 Conditional

 

Form

In a Type 1 conditional sentence, the tense in the 'if' clause is the simple present, and the tense in the main clause is the simple future.

If clause (condition) Main clause (result)
If + simple present simple future
If this thing happens that thing will happen.

As in all conditional sentences, the order of the clauses is not fixed. You may have to rearrange the pronouns and adjust punctuation when you change the order of the clauses, but the meaning is identical.

Examples
  • If it rains, you will get wet.
  • You will get wet if it rains.
  • If Sally is late again I will be mad.

Function

The type 1 conditional refers to a possible condition and its probable result. These sentences are based on facts, and they are used to make statements about the real world, and about particular situations. We often use such sentences to give warnings. In type 1 conditional sentences, the time is the present or future and the situation is real.

Examples
  • If I have time, I'll finish that letter.
  • What will you do if you miss the plane?

source: www.ef.com